Publications 2010 – Present
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  1. Wu, Y., Zhang, S., Zhang, J., Wang, W., Zhu, Y. L., Hu, J., Yin, G., Wong, K., Fang, C., Wan, C., Han, X., Shao, Q., Taniguchi, T., Watanabe, K., Zang, J., Mao, Z., Zhang, X. and Wang, K. L., “Néel-type skyrmion in WTe2/Fe3GeTe2 van der Waals heterostructure”, Nature Communications, 2020, 11, 3860. (Jul 31, 2020)
  2. Pan, L., Grutter, A., Zhang, P., Che, X., Nozaki, T., Stern, A., Street, M., Zhang, B., Casas, B., He, Q. L., Choi, E. S., Disseler, S. M., Gilbert, D. A., Yin, G., Shao, Q., Deng, P., Wu, Y., Liu, X., Kou, X., Masashi , S., Han, X., Binek, C., Chambers, S., Xia, J. and Wang, K. L., “Observation of Quantum Anomalous Hall Effect and Exchange Interaction in Topological Insulator/Antiferromagnet Heterostructure”, Advanced Materials, 2020: 2003380. (Jul 21, 2020)
  3. Wu, H., Groß, F., Dai, B., Lujan, D., Razavi, S. A., Zhang, P., Liu, Y., Sobotkiewich, K., Förster, J., Weigand, M., Schütz, G., Li, X., Gräfe, J. and Wang, K. L., “Ferrimagnetic Skyrmions in Topological Insulator/Ferrimagnet Heterostructures”, Advanced Materials, 2020: 2003380. (Jul 14, 2020)
  4. Bhattacharya, D., Razavi, S. A., Wu, H., Dai, B., Wang, K. L.,  and Atulasimha, J. , “Creation and annihilation of non-volatile fixed magnetic skyrmions using voltage control of magnetic anisotropy”, Nature Electronics. (Jun 29, 2020)
  5. Pan, L., Liu, X., He, Q. L., Stern, A., Yin, G., Che, X., Shao, Q., Zhang, P., Deng, P., Yang, C.-Y., Casas, B., Choi, E. S., Xia, J., Kou, X., and Wang, K. L., “Probing the low-temperature limit of the quantum anomalous Hall effect”, . Science Advances, 6(25), eaaz3595. (Jun 17, 2020)
  6. He, C., Razavi, S. A., Yu, G., Ma, X., Wu, H., Shao, Q., Wong, K. L., Shen, S., Zhao, Y., Pei, Y., Chen, Q., Li, X., Wang, S., and Wang, K. L., “Study of the perpendicular magnetic anisotropy, spin–orbit torque, and Dzyaloshinskii–Moriya interaction in the heavy metal/CoFeB bilayers with Ir22Mn78 insertion”, Applied Physics Letters, 116(24), 242407. (Jun 16, 2020)
  7. Ovchinnikov, I. V., Li, W., Sun, Y., Hudson, A. E., Meier, K., Schwartz, R. N. and Wang, K. L., “Criticality or Supersymmetry Breaking?”, Symmetry, 12(5), 805. (May 12, 2020)
  8. Wang, K. L., Wu, Y., Eckberg, C., Yin, G. and Pan, Q., “Topological quantum materials”, MRS Bulletin, 45(5), 373-379. (May 7, 2020)
  9. Tu, S., Ziman, T., Yu, G., Wan, C., Hu, J., Wu, H., … , Wang, K. L., Ansermet, J. -P., Maekawa, S. and Yu, H., “Record thermopower found in an IrMn-based spintronic stack”, Nature Communications, 11(1), 1-7. (Apr 24, 2020)
  10. Albagami, M., Alrasheed, A., Alharbi, M., Alhazmi, A., Wong, K., Qasem, H., Alodan, S., Alolaiyan, O., Wang, K. L. and Amer, M. R., “Anomalous Conductivity Switch Observed in Treated Hafnium Diselenide Transistors”, Advanced Electronic Materials, 6(5), 1901246. (Apr 08, 2020)
  11. Razavi, A., Wu, H., Shao, Q., Fang, C., Dai, B., Wong, K., Han, X., Yu, G. and Wang K. L. , “Deterministic Spin–Orbit Torque Switching by a Light-Metal Insertion”, Nano letters, 20(5),  3703-3709. (Mar 31, 2020)
  12. Lee, A., Jagannathan, R., Wu, D., and Wang, K. L. , “A 2-D Calibration Scheme for Resistive Nonvolatile Memories”, IEEE Transactions on Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) Systems, 28(6),  1371 – 1377. (Mar 11, 2020)
  13. Che, X., Pan, Q., Vareskic, B., Zou, J., Pan, L., Zhang, P., Yin, G., Wu, H., Shao, Q., Deng, P. and Wang, K. L. , “Strongly Surface State Carrier‐Dependent Spin–Orbit Torque in Magnetic Topological Insulators”, Advanced Materials, 32(16),  1907661. (Feb 28, 2020)
  14. Wang, Z., Wu, H., Burr, G.W., Hwang, C.S., Wang, K.L., Xia, Q. and Yang, J.J., “Resistive switching materials for information processing”, Nature Reviews Materials, 1-23. (Jan 13, 2020)




  1. Shen, J., Lyu, J., Gao, J.Z., Xie, Y.M., Chen, C.Z., Cho, C.W., Atanov, O., Chen, Z., Liu, K., Hu, Y.J. and Yip, K.Y., Goh, S.K., He Q., Pan, L., Wang, K.L., Law, K.T. and Lortz, R.,  “Spectroscopic fingerprint of chiral Majorana modes at the edge of a quantum anomalous Hall insulator/superconductor heterostructure”, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1910967117. (Nov 21, 2019)
  2. Wu, H., Zhang, P., Deng, P., Lan, Q., Pan, Q., Razavi, S.A., Che, X., Huang, L., Dai, B., Wong, K., Han, X. and Wang, K.L.,  “Room-Temperature Spin-Orbit Torque from Topological Surface States”, Physical Review Letters, 123(20), p.207205. (Nov 15, 2019)
  3. Li, X., Sasaki, T., Grezes, C., Wu, D., Wong, K.L., Bi, C., Ong, P.V., Ebrahimi, F., Yu, G., Kioussis, N., Wang, W., Ohkubo, T., Amiri, P. and Wang, K.L.,  “Predictive Materials Design of Magnetic Random-Access Memory Based on Nanoscale Atomic Structure and Element Distribution”, Nano Letters, 19(12), pp.8621-8629. (Nov 07, 2019)
  4. Cui, B., Wu, H., Li, D., Razavi, S.A., Wu, D., Wong, K.L., Chang, M., Gao, M., Zuo, Y., Xi, L. and Wang, K.L.,  “Field-Free Spin–Orbit Torque Switching of Perpendicular Magnetization by the Rashba Interface”, ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces., 11(42), pp.39369-39375. (Oct 11, 2019)
  5. Lee, A.,  Wu, D., and Wang, K. L., “Torque Optimization for Voltage-Controlled Magnetic Tunnel Junctions as Memory and Stochastic Signal Generators”, IEEE Magnetics Letters 10, 1-4. (Sep 30, 2019)
  6. Tsai, S. H., Lei, S., Zhu, X., Tsai, S. P., Yin, G., Che, X., Deng, P., Ng, J., Zhang, X., Lin, W. -H., Jin, Z., Qasem, H., Zhou, Z., Vajtai, R., Yeh, N. -C., Ajayan, P., Xie, Y. -H. and Wang, K. L., “Interfacial States and Fano–Feshbach Resonance in Graphene–Silicon Vertical Junction”, Nano letters, 19(10), 6765-6771. (Sep 23, 2019)
  7. Cui, B., Wu, H., Chang, M., Yun, J., Zuo, Y., Gao, M., Wang, K. L. and Xi, L.,  “Investigating the influence of the depinning energy barrier on domain wall motion in perpendicularly magnetized Pt/Co/Cr/Ta multilayers”, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 493, 165676. (Aug 05, 2019)
  8. Wu, H., Xu, Y., Deng, P., Pan, Q., Razavi, S.A., Wong, K., Huang, L., Dai, B., Shao, Q., Yu, G. and Han, X.  “Spin‐Orbit Torque Switching of a Nearly Compensated Ferrimagnet by Topological Surface States”, Advanced Materials. (Jul 08, 2019)
  9. Shao, Q., Liu, Y., Yu, G., Kim, S.K., Che, X., Tang, C., He, Q.L., Tserkovnyak, Y., Shi, J. and Wang, K.L.  “Topological Hall effect at above room temperature in heterostructures composed of a magnetic insulator and a heavy metal”, Nature Electronics. (May 17, 2019)
  10. Wu, H., Razavi, S.A., Shao, Q., Li, X., Wong, K.L., Liu, Y., Yin, G. and Wang, K.L.  “Spin-orbit torque from a ferromagnetic metal”, Physical Review B. (May 06, 2019)
  11. Cui, B., Yun, J., Yang, K., Wu, H., Zhu, Z., Zuo, Y., Yang, D., Gao, M., Zhang, Z., Xi, L. and Wang, K. L.  “Current induced magnetization switching in Pt/Co/Cr structures with enhanced perpendicular magnetic anisotropy and spin Hall effect”, Applied Physics Express. (Mar 19, 2019)
  12. Navabi, A., Liu, Y., Upadhyaya, P., Murata, K., Ebrahimi, F., Yu, G. et al.  “Control of Spin-Wave Damping in YIG Using Spin Currents from Topological Insulators”, Physical Review Applied. (Mar 19, 2019)
  13. Yin, Gen, Jie-Xiang Yu, Yizhou Liu, Roger K. Lake, Jiadong Zang, and Kang L. Wang. “Planar Hall effect in antiferromagnetic MnTe thin films”, Physical Review Letters. (Mar 14, 2019)
  14. Shao, Qiming, Alexander Grutter, Yawen Liu, Guoqiang Yu, Chao-Yao Yang, et al. “Exploring interfacial exchange coupling and sublattice effect in heavy metal/ferrimagnetic insulator heterostructures using Hall measurements, x-ray magnetic circular dichroism, and neutron reflectometry”, Physical Review B. (Mar 4, 2019)
  15. Fan, Yabin, Qiming Shao, Lei Pan, Xiaoyu Che, Qing-Lin He, Gen Yin, Cheng Zheng et al. “Unidirectional Magneto-Resistance in Modulation-doped Magnetic Topological Insulators”, Nano letters. (Jan 28, 2019)




  1. Wang, Kang L., Hao Wu, Seyed Armin Razavi, and Qiming Shao., “Spintronic devices for low energy dissipation”, IEEE International Electron Devices Meeting (IEDM). (December 1, 2018)
  2. Shao, Qiming, Hao Wu, Quanjun Pan, Peng Zhang, Lei Pan, Kin Wong, Xiaoyu Che, and Kang L. Wang., “Room Temperature Highly Efficient Topological Insulator/Mo/CoFeB Spin-Orbit Torque Memory with Perpendicular Magnetic Anisotropy”, IEEE International Electron Devices Meeting (IEDM). (December 1, 2018)
  3. He, Congli, Guoqiang Yu, Cecile Grezes, Jiafeng Feng, Zhen Zhao, Seyed Armin Razavi, Qiming Shao et al., “Spin-Torque Ferromagnetic Resonance in W/ Co−Fe−B/ W/ Co−Fe−B/ MgO Stacks”, Physical Review Applied. (Sep 28, 2018)
  4. Shao, Qiming, Chi Tang, Guoqiang Yu, Aryan Navabi, Hao Wu, Congli He, Junxue Li, et al., “Role of dimensional crossover on spin-orbit torque efficiency in magnetic insulator thin films”, Nature Communications. (Sep 6, 2018)
  5. He, Qing Lin, Gen Yin, Luyan Yu, Alexander J. Grutter, Lei Pan, Chui-Zhen Chen, Xiaoyu Che et al.“Topological Transitions Induced by Antiferromagnetism in a Thin-Film Topological Insulators”, Physical Review Letters. (Aug 29, 2018)
  6. Fox, Eli J., Ilan T. Rosen, Yanfei Yang, George R. Jones, Randolph E. Elmquist, Xufeng Kou, Lei Pan, Kang L. Wang, and D. Goldhaber-Gordon, “Part-per-million quantization and current-induced breakdown of the quantum anomalous Hall effect”, Physical Review B. (Aug 27, 2018)
  7. He, Qing Lin, Gen Yin, Alexander J. Grutter, Lei Pan, Xiaoyu Che, Guoqiang Yu, Dustin A. Gilbert et al., “Exchange-biasing topological charges by antiferromagnetism”, Nature Communications. (Jul 17, 2018)
  8. Che, Xiaoyu, Koichi Murata, Lei Pan, Qing Lin He, Guoqiang Yu, Qiming Shao, Gen Yin et al., “Proximity-Induced Magnetic Order in a Transferred Topological Insulator Thin Film on a Magnetic Insulator”, ACS nano. (May 7, 2018)
  9. Lee, H., Lee, A., Wang, S., Ebrahimi, F., Gupta, P., Amiri, P. K. and Wang, K. L., “Analysis and compact modeling of magnetic tunnel junctions utilizing voltage-controlled magnetic anisotropy”, IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, 54(4), 1-9. (Feb 21, 2018)
  10. Qu, D.X., Che, X., Kou, X., Pan, L., Crowhurst, J., Armstrong, M.R., Dubois, J., Wang, K.L. and Chapline, G.F., “Anomalous helicity-dependent photocurrent in the topological insulator (Bi 0.5 Sb 0.5) 2 Te 3 on a GaAs substrate”, Physical Review B, 97(4), p.045308. (January 24, 2018)
  11. Zhu, X., Lei, S., Tsai, S.H., Zhang, X., Liu, J., Yin, G., Tang, M., Torres Jr, C.M., Navabi, A., Jin, Z. and Tsai, S.P., “A Study of Vertical Transport through Graphene towards Control of Quantum Tunneling”, Nano letters, DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b03221. (January 4, 2018)




  1. Yu, G., Jenkins, A., Ma, X., Razavi, S.A., He, C., Yin, G., Shao, Q., He, Q.L., Wu, H., Li, W. and Jiang, W., “Room-temperature skyrmions in an antiferromagnet-based heterostructure”Nano letters(December 22, 2017)
  2. Rosen, I.T., Fox, E.J., Kou, X., Pan, L., Wang, K.L. and Goldhaber-Gordon, D., “Chiral transport along magnetic domain walls in the quantum anomalous Hall effect”npj Quantum Materials2(1), p.69. (December 1, 2017)
  3. Kou, X., Fan, Y., and Wang, K.L., Review of Quantum Hall Trio¸ Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids. (Online October 25, 2017)
  4. Ovchinnikov, I.V., and Wang, K.L., Stochastic Dynamics and Combinatorial Optimization, Modern Physics Letters B, 1750285/1-16. (October 20, 2017)
  5. He, Q.L., Pan, L., Stern, A.L., Burks, E.C., Che, X., Yin, G., Wang, J., Lian, B., Zhou, Q., Choi, E.S., Murata, K., Kou, X., Chen, Z., Nie, T., Shao, Q., Fan, Y., Zhang, S.-C., Liu, K., Xia, J., and Wang, K.L., Chiral Majorana Fermion Modes in a Quantum Anomalous Hall Insulator-Superconductor Structure, Science, 357 (6348): 294-299. (July 21, 2017)
  6. Zou, W., Wang, W., Kou, X., Lang, M., Fan, Y., Choi, E.S., Fedorov, A.V., Wang, K., He, L., Xu, Y., and Wang, K.L., Observation of Quantum Hall Effect in an Ultra-Thin (Bi53Sb0.47)2Te3 Film”, Applied Physics Letters, 110 (21): 212401/1-4. (May 22, 2017)
  7. Almasi, H., Sun, C.L., Li, X., Newhouse-Illige, T., Bi, C., Price, K.C., Nahar, S., Grezes, C., Hu, Q., Khalili Amiri, P., Wang, K.L., Voyles, P.M., and Wang, W.G., Perpendicular Magnetic Tunnel Junction with W Seed and Capping Layers, Journal of Applied Physics, 121 (15): 153902/1-6. (April 20, 2017)
  8. Peng, S., Wang, K., Wang, M., Cao, K., Zhao, X., Wang, L., Zhang, Y., Zhang Y., Zhou, Y., Wang, K.L., and Zhao, W., Interfacial Perpendicular Magnetic Anisotropy in Sub-20 nm Tunnel Junctions for Large-Capacity Spin-Transfer Torque Magnetic Random-Access Memory, IEEE Magnetics Letters, 8: 3105805/1-5. (April 12, 2017)
  9. Navabi, A., Chen, C., Barra, A., Yazdani, M., Yu, G., Montazeri, M., Aldosary, M., Li, J., Wong, K., Hu, Q., Shi, J., Carman, G.P., Sepulveda, A.E., Khalili Amiri, P., and Wang, K.L., Efficient Excitation of High-Frequency Exchange-Dominated Spin Waves in Periodic Ferromagnetic Structures, Physical Review Applied, 7 (3): 034027/1-8. (March 28, 2017)
  10. Grezes, C., Lee, H., Lee, A., Wang, S., Ebrahimi, F., Li, X., Wong, K., Katine, J.A., Ocker, B., Langer, J., Gupta, P., Khalili Amiri, P., and Wang, K.L., Write Error Rate and Read Disturbance in Electric-Field-Controlled Magnetic Random-Access Memory, IEEE Magnetics Letters, 8: 3102705/1-5. (March 10, 2017)
  11. Lee, H., Lee, A., Wang, S., Ebrahimi, F., Gupta, P., Amiri, P. K. and Wang, K. L., A word line pulse circuit technique for reliable magnetoelectric random access memoryImproving the Performance of Solar Cells with Novel Buffer Structure by the Chemical Batch Deposition Technique, IEEE Transactions on Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) Systems, 25(7), 2027-2034. (March 7, 2017)
  12. Ho, J.-S., Chang, S.-C., Ho, J.-J., Hsu, W.-T., Chiang, C.-C., Tsai, S.-Y., Wang, S.-S., Lin, C.-K., Chou, C.-C., Yeh, C.-H., and Wang, K.L., Improving the Performance of Solar Cells with Novel Buffer Structure by the Chemical Batch Deposition Technique, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, 59: 29-34. (March 1, 2017)
  13. Razavi, S.A., Wu, D., Yu, G., Lau, Y.-C., Wong, K.L., Zhu, W., He, C., Zhang, Z., Coey, J.M.D., Stamenov, P., Khalili Amiri, P., and Wang, K.L., Joule Heating Effect on Field-Free Magnetization Switching by Spin-Orbit Torque in Exchange –Biased Systems, Physical Review Applied, 7: 024023/1-11. (February 23, 2017)
  14. Peng, S., Zhao, W., Qiao, J., Su, L., Zhou, J., Yang, H., Zhang, Q., Zhang, Y., Grezes, C., Khalili Amiri, P., and Wang, K.L., Giant Interfacial Perpendicular Magnetic Anisotropy in MgO/CoFe/capping Layer Structures, Applied Physics Letters, 110 (7): 072403/1-5. (February 14, 2017)
  15. Lee, H., Grezes, C., Lee, A., Ebrahimi, F., Khalili Amiri, P., and Wang, K.L., A Spintronic Voltage-Controlled Stochastic Oscillator for Event-Driven Random Sampling, IEEE Electron Device Letters, 38 (2): 281-284. (February 2017)
  16. Li, X., Fitzell, K. Wu, D., Karaba, C.T., Buditama, A., Yu, G., Wong, K.L., Altieri, N., Grezes, C., Kioussis, N., Tolbert, S., Zhang, Z., Chang, J.P., Khalili Amiri, P., and Wang, K.L., Enhancement of Voltage-Controlled Magnetic Anisortropy Through Precise Control of Mg Insertion Thickness at CoFeB|MgO Interface, Applied Physics Letters, 110 (5): 052401/1-5. (January 30, 2017)
  17. Mohanchandra, K.P., Prikhodko, S.V., Wang, K.L., and Carman, G.P.,Strain Induced Exchange-Spring Magnetic Behavior in Amorphous (TbDy)Fe2 Thin Films, Journal of Applied Physics, 121: 043911/1-5. (January 27, 2017)
  18. He, Q.L., Kou, X., Grutter, A.J., Yin, G., Pan, L., Che, X., Liu, Y., Nie, T., Zhang, B., Disseler, S.M., Kirby, B.J., Ratcliff II, W., Shao, Q., Murata, K., Zhu, X., Yu, G., Fan, Y., Montazeri, M., Han, X., Borchers, J.A., and Wang, K.L., Tailoring Exchange Couplings in Magnetic Topological-Insulator/Antiferromagnet Heterostructures, Nature Materials, 16 (1): 94-100. (January 2017)




  1. Kubota, Y., Murata, K., Miyawaki, J., Ozawa, K., Onbasli, M.C., Shirasawa,T., Feng, B., Yamamoto, S., Liu, R.-Y., Yamamoto, S., Mahatha, S.K., Sheverdyaeva, P., Moras, P., Ross, C.A., Suga, S., Harada, Y., Wang, K.L., and Matsuda, I., Interface Electronic Structure at the Topological Insulator-Ferrimagnetic Insulator Junction, Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, 29 (5): 055002/1-6. (December 2, 2016)
  2. Biswas, C., Ma, Z., Zhu, X., Kawaharamura, T., and Wang, K.L., Atmospheric Growth of Hybrid ZnO Thin Films for Inverted Polymer Solar Cells, Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 157: 1048-1056. (December 2016)
  3. Wu, D., Yu, G., Chen, C.-T., Razavi, S.A., Shao, Q., Li, X., Zhao, B., Wong, K.L., He, C., Zhang, Z., Amiri, P.K., and Wang, K.L., Spin-Orbit Torques in Perpendicularly Magnetized Ir22Mn78/Co20Fe60B20/MgO Multilayer, Applied Physics Letters, 109: 222401/1-5. (November 28, 2016)
  4. Shao, Q., Yu, G., Lan, Y.-W., Shi, Y., Li, M.-Y., Zheng, C., Zhu, X., Li, L.-J., Amiri, P.K., and Wang, K.L., Strong Rasha-Edelstein Effect-Induced Spin-Orbit Torques in Monolayer Transition Metal Dichalcogenide/Ferromagnet Bilayers, Nano Letters, 16 (12): 7514-7520. (November 18, 2016)
  5. He, C., Navabi, A., Shao, Q., Yu, G., Wu, D., Zhu, W., Zheng, C., Li, X., He, Q., Razavi, A., Wong, K.L., Zhang, Z., Khalili, P., and Wang, K.L., Spin-Torque Ferromagnetic Resonance Measurements Utilizing Spin Hall Magnetoresistance in W/Co40Fe40B20/MgO Structures, Applied Physics Letters, 109 (20): 202104/1-5. (November 15, 2016)
  6. Ong, P.V., Kioussis, N., Amiri, P.K., and Wang, K.L., Oscillatory Magnetic Anisotropy and Spin-Reorientation Induced by Heavy-Metal Cal in Cu/FeCo/M (M = Hf or Ta): A First-Principles Study, Physical Review B, 94: 174404/1-7. (November 3, 2016)
  7. Fan, Y. and Wang, K.L., Spintronics Based on Topological Insulators, Spin, 6 (2): 164000/1-13. (October 31, 2016)
  8. Wang, K.L., Kou, X., Upadhyaya, P., Fan, Y., Shao, Q., Yu, G., Khalili Amiri, P., Electric-Field Control of Spin-Orbit Interaction for Low-Power Spintronics, Proceedings of the IEEE, 104 (10): 1974-2008. (October 2016)
  9. Cui, F. Li, C. Song, J.J. Peng, M.S. Saleem, Y.D. Gu, S.N. Li, K.L. Wang, and F. Pan, Insight Into the Antiferromagnetic Structure Manipulated by Electronic Reconstruction, Physical Review B, 94 (13): 134403/1-8. (October 3, 2016)
  10. Jiang, W., Zhang, X., Yu, G., Zhang, W., Wang, X., Jungfleisch, M.B., Pearson, J.E., Cheng, X., Heinonen, O., Wang, K.L., Zhou, Y., Hoffman, A., and Velthuis, G.E., Direct Observation of the Skyrmion Hall Effect, Nature Physics, 13: 162-169. (September 19, 2016)
  11. Yan, Y., Wan, C., Zhou, X., Shi, G., Cui, B., Han, J., Fan, Y., Han, X., Wang, K.L., Pan, F., Song, C., Strong Electrical Manipulation of Spin-Orbit Torque in Ferromagnetic Heterostructures, Advanced Electronic Materials, 2 (10): 1600219/1-7. (September 6, 2016)
  12. Lan, Y.-W., Torres, C.M., Zhu, X., Qasem, H., Adleman, J.R., Lerner, M.B., Tsai, S.-H., Shi, Y., Li, L.-J., Yeh, W.K., and Wang, K.L., Dual-Mode Operation of 2D Material-Base Hot Electron Transistors, Scientific Reports, 6: 32503. (September 1, 2016)
  13. Nie, T., Tang, J., Kou, X., Gen, Y., Lee, S., Zhu, X., He, Q., Chang, L.-T., Murata, K., Fan, Y., and Wang, K.L., Enhancing Electric-Field Control of Ferromagnetism Through Nanoscale Engineering of High –Tc MnxGe1-x Nanomesh”, Nature Communications, 7:12866. (2016)
  14. Lan, Y.-W., Torres, C.M., Tsai, S.H., Zhu, X., Shi, Y., Li, M.-Y., Li, L.-J., Yeh, W.-K., and Wang, K.L., Atomic-Monolayer MoS2 Band-to-Band Tunneling Field-Effect Transistor, Small, 12 (41): 5676-5683. (November 2, 2016)
  15. Zhang, M., Wang, K.L., Jiang, H., Hong, R., and Wu, Z., High Performance Silicon Carbide Avalanche-p-i-n Ultraviolet Photodiode with Dual Operation Models, Electronic Letters, 52 (17): 1474-1476. (August 18, 2016)
  16. Chang, L.-T., Fischer, I.A., Tang, J., Wang, C.-Y., Yu, G., Fan, Y., Murata, K., Nie, T., Oehme, M., Schulze, J., and Wang, K.L., Electrical Detection of Spin Transport in Si Two-Dimensional Electron Gas Systems, Nanotechnology, 27 (36): 1-10. (August 1, 2016)
  17. Grezes, C. Rojas Rozas, A., Ebrahimi, F., Alzate, J.G., Cai, X., Katine, J.A., Langer, J., Ocker, B., Khalili Amiri, P., and Wang, K.L., In-Plane Magnetic Field Effect on Switching Voltage and Thermal Stability in Electric-Field-Controlled Perpendicular Magnetic Tunnel Junctions, AIP Advances, 6 (7): 075014/1-7. (July 19, 2016)
  18. Ong, P.V., Kioussis, N., Khalili Amiri, P., and Wang, K.L., Electric-Field-Driven Magnetization Switching and Nonlinear Magnetoelasticity in Au/FeCo/MgO Heterostructures, Scientific Reports, 6: 29815/1-8. (July 18, 2016)
  19. Akyol, M., Jiang, W., Yu, G., Fan, Y., Gunes, M., Ekicibil, A., Khalili Amiri, P., and Wang, K.L., Effect of Heavy Metal Layer Thickness on Spin-Orbit Torque and Current-Induced Switching in Hf|CoFeb|MgO Structures, Applied Physics Letters, 109: 022403/1-5. (July 11, 2016)
  20. Lan, Y.-W., Torres Jr., C.M., Zhu, X., Sun, C.-L., Zhu, S., Chen, C.-D., and Wang, K.L., Self-Aligned Graphene Oxide Nanoribbon Stack with Gradient Bandgap for Visible-Light Photodetection, Nano Energy, 27: 114-120. (June 25, 2016)
  21. Wu, D., Yu, G., Shao, Q., Li, X., Wu, H., Wong, K.L., Zhang, Z., Han, X., Khalili Amiri, P., and Wang, K.L., In-Plane Current-Driven Spin-Orbit Torque Switching in Perpendicularly Magnetized Films with Enhanced Thermal Tolerance, Applied Physics Letters, 108: 212406/1-5. (May 27, 2016)
  22. Gan, Z., Gu, M., Tang, J., Wang, C.-Y., He, Y., Wang, K.L., Wang, C., Smith, D.J., McCartney, M.R., Direct Mapping of Charge Distribution during Lithiation of Ge Nanowires Using Off-Axis Electron Holography, Nano Letters, 16 (6): 3748-3753. (May 18, 2016)
  23. Tang, J., Yu, G., Wang, C.-Y., Chang, L.-T., Jiang, W., He, C., and Wang, K.L., Versatile Fabrication on Self-Aligned Nanoscale Hall Devices Using Nanowire Masks, Nano Letters, 15 (5): 3109-3115. (April 5, 2016)
  24. Fang, B., Carpentieri, M., Hao, X., Jiang, H., Katine, J.A., Krivorotov, I.N., Ocker, B., Langer, J., Wang, K.L., Zhang, B., Azzerboni, B., Khalili Amiri, P., Finocchio, G., and Zeng, Z., Giant Spin-Torque Diode Sensitivity in the Absence of Bias Magnetic Field, Nature Communications, 7: 11259/1-7. (April 2016)
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  1. Peng, S., Wang, M., Yang, H., Zeng, L., Nan, J., Zhou, J., Zhang, Y., Halla, A., Chshiev, M., Wang, K.L., Zhang, Q., and Zhao, W., Origin of Interfacial Perpendicular Magnetic Anisotropy in MgO/CoFe/ Metallic Layer Structures, Scientific Reports, 5: 18173/1-6. (December 11, 2015)
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  9. Kou, , Pan, L., Wang, J., Fan, Y., Choi, E.S., Lee, W.-L., Nie, T., Murata, K., Shao, Q., Zhang, S.-C., and Wang, K.L., Metal-to-Insulator Switching in Quantum Anomalous Hall State, Nature Communications, 6 (8474):1-8. (October 7, 2015)
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  20. Wang, S.-S., Ho, J.-J., Liou, J.-J., Ho, J.-S., Tsai, S.-Y., Hung, H.-S., Yeh, C.-H., and Wang, K.L., Effects of Sheet Resistance on mc-Si Selective Emitter Solar Cells Using Laser Opening and One-Step Diffusion, International Journal of Photoenergy, Article ID 208270. (April 2015)
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  25. Tang, J. and Wang, K. L., Electrical Spin Injection and Transport in Semiconductor Nanowires: Challenges, Progress and Perspectives, Nanoscale 2015, 7 (10): 4325–4337. (February 3, 2015)
  26. Nie, T., Tang, J., and Wang, K. L., Quest for High-Curie Temperature MnxGe1-x Diluted Magnetic Semiconductors for Room-Temperature Spintronics Applications, Journal of Crystal Growth, 425: 279-282. (January 29, 2015)
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  1. Tang, J., Nie, T., and Wang, K.L., Spin Transport in Ge Nanowires for Diluted Magnetic Semiconductor-Based Nonvolatile Transpinor, ECS Transactions, 64 (6): 613-623. (2014)
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  1. Zhang, J.-M., Ming, W., Huang, Z., Liu, G.-B., Kou, X., Fan, Y., Wang, K.L., and Yao, Y., Stability, Electronics, and Magnetic Properties of the Magnetically Doped Topological Insulators Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3, and Sb2Te3, Physical Review B, 88 (23): 235131: 1-9. (December 30, 2013)
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  17. Lee, S., Lee, Y., Song, E.B., Wang, K.L., and Hiramoto, T., Gate-Tunable Selective Operation of Single Electron/Hole Transistor Modes in a Silicon Single Quantum Dot at Room Temperature, Applied Physics Letters, 102 (8): 083504/1-4. (February 25, 2013)
  18. He, L., Kou, X., and Wang, K.L., Review of 3D Topological Insulator Thin-Film Growth by Molecular Beam Epitaxy and Potential Applications, Physica Status Solidi, 7 (1-2): 50-63. (January 31, 2013)
  19. Wang, K.L., Alzate, J.G., Khalili Amiri, P., Low-Power Non-Volatile Spintronic Memory: STT-RAM and Beyond, Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 46 (7): 074003/1-10. (January 31, 2013)
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  21. Xu, K., Zeng, C., Zhang, Q., Yan, R., Ye, P., Wang, K., Seabaugh, A.C., Xing, H.G., Suehle, J.S., Richter, C.A., Gundlach, D.J., and Nguyen, N.V., Direct Measurement of Dirac Point Energy at the Graphene/Oxide Interface, Nano Letters, 13 (1): 131-136. (January 9, 2013)
  22. Khalili Amiri, P., Upadhyaya, P., Alzate, J.G., and Wang, K.L., Electric-Field-Induced Thermally Assisted Switching of Monodomain Magnetic Bits, Journal of Applied Physics, 113 (1): 013912/1-5. (January 7, 2013)
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  1. Birt, D.R., An, K., Tsoi, M., Tamaru, S., Ricketts, D., Wong, K.L., Amiri, P.K., Wang, K.L., and Li, X., Deviation from Exponential Decay for Spin Waves Excited with a Coplanar Waveguide Antenna, Applied Physics Letters, 101 (25): 252409/1-4. (December 20, 2012)
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  3. Zhang, C.X., Zhang, E.X., Fleetwood, D.M., Alles, M.L., Schrimpf, R.D., Song, E.B., Kim, S.M., Galatsis, K., and Wang, K.L., Electrical Stress and Total Ionizing Dose Effects on Graphene-Based Non-Volatile Memory Devices, IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, 59 (6): 2974-2978. (December 2012)
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  6. Zhu, G., Wong, K.L., Zhao, J., Khalili-Amiri, P., Zhu, J., Krivorotov, I., and Wang, K.L., Quantitative Analysis of Electric Field Induced Change in Anisotropy Field in Co60Fe20B20/(011) xPb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-(1-x) PbTiO3(x~0.68) Heterostructures, Applied Physics Letters, 101 (20): 202404/1-5. (November 13, 2012)
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  22. Lee, S., In, J., Yoo, Y., Jo, Y., Park, Y., Kim, H.-J., Koo, H., Kim, J., Kim, B., and Wang, K.L., Single Crystalline β-Ag2Te Nanowire as a New Topological Insulator, Nano Letters, 12 (8): 4194-4199. (August 8, 2012)
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  30. Hoffman, S., Tserkovnyak, Y., Khalili Amiri, P., and Wang, K.L., Magnetic Bit Stability: Competition Between Domain-Wall and Monodomain Switching, Applied Physics Letters, 100 (21): 212406/1-4. (May 25, 2012)
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  1. Wang, Y., Liao, Z., Xu, H., Xiu, F., Kou, X., Wang, Y., Wang, K.L., Drennan, J., and Zou, J., Structural evolution of GeMn/Ge superlattices grown by molecular beam epitaxy under different growth conditions, Nanoscale Research Letters, 6: 624. (December 12, 2011)
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  13. Kim, S.M., Song, E.B., Lee, S., Seo, S., Seo, D.H., Hwang, Y., Candler, R., and Wang, K.L., Suspended Few-Layer Graphene Beam Electromechanical Switch With Abrupt On-Off Characteristics and Minimal Leakage Current, Applied Physics Letters, 99 (2): 023103/1-3. (July 13, 2011)
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  16. Tang, J., Wang, C.-Y., Xiu, F., Lang, M., Chu, L.-W., Tsai, C.-J., Chueh, Y.-L., Chen, L.-J., Wang, K.L., Oxide-Confined Formation of Germanium Nanowire Heterostructures for High-Performance Transistors, ACS Nano, 5(7): 6008–6015. (June 23, 2011)
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